By Topic

Has Electromagnetic Energy in the Band 0.1–100 GHz Useful Medical Applications? A Review of Mechanisms and Biological Database Offers Dim Prospects

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

2 Author(s)
Mays Swicord ; Motorola, Inc., Plantation, FL ; Quirino Balzano

We now have a history of more than 50 years of searching for low-level nonthermal radio frequency (RF) effects on biological systems. An analysis of this database and an evaluation of the proposed mechanism of interactions suggest that the probability of finding such effects between the frequencies of 100 MHz and 150 GHz is vanishingly small and that most likely, such effects do not exist between 10 MHz and 200 GHz. However, studies using low-frequency fields with amplitude on the order of or exceeding endogenous fields, the development of terahertz spectroscopy, and medical imaging at terahertz frequencies and RF fields that can cause temperature elevation have proven and are proving to be fruitful areas of research.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science  (Volume:36 ,  Issue: 4 )