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Recent R&D Activities of Negative-Ion-Based Ion Source for JT-60SA

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27 Author(s)

The JT-60 Super Advanced (JT-60SA) tokamak aims to perform the ITER support and to demonstrate steady-state high-beta plasma project with the collaboration between Japan and EU. To attain these objectives, the negative-ion-based NBI (N-NBI) system is required to inject 10 MW for 100 s at the beam energy of 500 keV. On JT-60U, the present N-NBI ion source has injected 3.2 MW for 21 s at 320 keV; however, three key issues should be solved for the JT-60SA N-NBI ion source. One is to improve the voltage holding capability of the large negative ion source, where the available acceleration voltage has been limited to less than ~400 kV due to breakdowns. The accelerator of the JT-60U ion source is composed of large three-stage grids and three fiberglass reinforced plastic (FRP) insulators. Recent R&D tests suggested that the FRP insulators were not the main factor to trigger the breakdowns at the early conditioning stage. The accelerator with a large area of grids and their supporting structure may need a high margin in the design of electric field and a long time for conditioning. The second issue is to reduce the power loading of the acceleration grids. It was found that some beamlets were strongly deflected due to beamlet-beamlet interaction and strike on the grounded grid in the accelerator. Moreover, the electrons generated in the accelerator caused the grid loading and the overheating of the beamline components. The acceleration grids for JT-60SA are to be designed by taking account of the beamlet-beamlet interaction and the applied magnetic field in 3-D simulation. Third is to maintain the D production for 100 s. Although a constant D- beam power was confirmed on JT-60U for 21 s, an active cooling system is required to keep the temperature of the plasma grid (PG) under optimum condition during 100-s operation. A simple cooling structure is proposed for the active cooled PG, where a key is the temperature gradient on the PG for uniform D- p- - roduction. In the present schedule, design work, reflecting the latest R&D progress, will continue until ~2011. The modified N-NBI ion source will start on JT-60SA in 2015.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science  (Volume:36 ,  Issue: 4 )