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Full state feedback digital control of WECS with state estimation by stochastic modeling design

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4 Author(s)
Muhando, E.B. ; Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Ryukyus Univ., Nishihara ; Senjyu, T. ; Omine, E. ; Funabashi, T.

With increased structural flexibilities of modern wind energy conversion systems (WECSs), drive-train torsional oscillations due to high wind disturbances can be hazardous to power systems. It is particularly important to design control schemes that properly account for the flexible modes of the turbine, and maintain stable closed-loop behavior of the WECS. To capture the essential features of the problem for controller design, the approach in this paper entails modeling the various WECS subsystems: the wind speed as a stochastic process generated by an autoregressive moving average (ARMA) model and the drive-train as a multimass system with an elastic shaft linking the turbine with the asynchronous induction generator (IG). The proposed control paradigm is based on the linear quadratic Gaussian (LQG) to damp these undesired oscillations, and utilizes only one measurable feedback signal: generator speed deviation. An optimal state estimator provides a good estimation for the aerodynamic torque thereby determining the target trajectory to which the controlled system should converge. The objective is to optimize aerodynamic efficiency in low to medium winds, and add damping to the drive train at above-rated wind speeds. A pitch controller ensures the maximum power constraint is respected by preventing rotor overspeed.

Published in:

Power and Energy Society General Meeting - Conversion and Delivery of Electrical Energy in the 21st Century, 2008 IEEE

Date of Conference:

20-24 July 2008

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