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DMT of multi-hop cooperative networks-Part I: K-Parallel-Path networks

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3 Author(s)
K. Sreeram ; Department of ECE, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India ; S. Birenjith ; P. Vijay Kumar

We consider single-source, single-sink multi-hop relay networks, with slow-fading Rayleigh fading links and single- antenna relay nodes operating under the half-duplex constraint. While two hop relay networks have been studied in great detail in terms of the diversity-multiplexing tradeoff (DMT), few results are available for more general networks. In this two-part paper, we identify two families of networks that are multi-hop generalizations of the two hop network: if-Parallel-Path (KPP) networks and Layered networks. In the first part, we initially consider KPP networks, which can be viewed as the union of K node-disjoint parallel paths, each of length > 1. The results are then generalized to KPP(I) networks, which permit interference between paths and to KPP(D) networks, which possess a direct link from source to sink. We characterize the optimal DMT of KPP(D) networks with K ges 4, and KPP(I) networks with K ges 3. Along the way, we derive lower bounds for the DMT of triangular channel matrices, which are useful in DMT computation of various protocols. As a special case, the DMT of two-hop relay network without direct link is obtained. Two key implications of the results in the two-part paper are that the half-duplex constraint does not necessarily entail rate loss by a factor of two, as previously believed and that, simple AF protocols are often sufficient to attain the best possible DMT.

Published in:

2008 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory

Date of Conference:

6-11 July 2008