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Overlapped Carrier-Sense Multiple Access (OCSMA) in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks

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2 Author(s)
Boppana, Surendra ; Qualcomm Inc., San Diego, CA ; Shea, J.M.

In wireless ad hoc networks (WANets), multihop routing may result in a radio knowing the content of transmissions of nearby radios. This knowledge can be used to improve spatial reuse in the network, thereby enhancing network throughput. Consider two radios, Alice and Bob, that are neighbors in a WANet not employing spread-spectrum multiple access. Suppose that Alice transmits a packet to Bob for which Bob is not the final destination. Later, Bob forwards that packet on to the destination. Any transmission by Bob not intended for Alice usually causes interference that prevents Alice from receiving a packet from any of her neighbors. However, if Bob is transmitting a packet that he previously received from Alice, then Alice knows the content of the interfering packet, and this knowledge can allow Alice to receive a packet from one of her neighbors during Bob's transmission. In this paper, we develop overlapped transmission techniques based on this idea and analyze several factors affecting their performance. We then develop a MAC protocol based on the IEEE 802.11 standard to support overlapped transmission in a WANet. The resulting overlapped CSMA (OCSMA) protocol improves spatial reuse and end-to-end throughput in several scenarios.

Published in:

Mobile Computing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 3 )