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Camera calibration, as a fundamental issue in computer vision, is indispensable in many visual surveillance applications. Firstly, calibrated camera can help to deal with perspective distortion of object appearance on image plane. Secondly, calibrated camera makes it possible to recover metrics from images which are robust to scene or view angle changes. In addition, with calibrated cameras, we can make use of prior information of 3D models to estimate 3D pose of objects and make object detection or tracking more robust to noise and occlusions. In this paper, we propose an automatic method to recover camera models from traffic scene surveillance videos. With only the camera height H measured, we can completely recover both intrinsic and extrinsic parameters of cameras based on appearance and motion of objects in videos. Experiments are conducted in different scenes and experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness and practicability of our approach, which can be adopted in many traffic scene surveillance applications.
Date of Conference: 23-28 June 2008