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Polarization Switching in Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers by Asymmetrical Current Injection

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4 Author(s)
Sato, Yuuki ; Japan Sci. & Technol. Agency, Tokyo ; Furuta, K. ; Katayama, T. ; Kawaguchi, Hitoshi

Polarization switching between two orthogonal linear polarizations was experimentally demonstrated in newly designed 980-nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers ( VCSELs ). A square-shaped mesa structure was prepared in a p-type distributed Bragg reflector mirror. Four p-side electrodes were placed in contact with the four sides of the square mesa. When the same current was injected into the four electrodes, the VCSEL oscillated with 0 or 90 linear polarizations. When the current was asymmetrically injected (the same current for two electrodes on the opposite sides of the square, but different for neighboring electrodes), the direction of the linear polarization became perpendicular to the direction of the line connecting the two electrodes injected with the larger current. It was confirmed that the VCSELs oscillated with a single frequency and the lowest order transverse mode in all cases.

Published in:

Photonics Technology Letters, IEEE  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 17 )