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We propose a novel 360deg star coupler. We show theoretically how this coupler can detect perfectly conducting cylinders with radii significantly smaller than a wavelength, in the far field. We experimentally demonstrate detection of a metal probe using the 360deg star coupler in a silica planar lightwave circuit. With improvements, this coupler may be able to perform subwavelength 2D imaging.
Date of Publication: Sept.1, 2008