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Flexible Deterministic Packet Marking: An IP Traceback System to Find the Real Source of Attacks

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3 Author(s)
Yang Xiang ; Centre for Intell. & Networked Syst., Central Queensland Univ., Rockhampton, QLD ; Wanlei Zhou ; Minyi Guo

IP traceback is the enabling technology to control Internet crime. In this paper we present a novel and practical IP traceback system called Flexible Deterministic Packet Marking (FDPM) which provides a defense system with the ability to find out the real sources of attacking packets that traverse through the network. While a number of other traceback schemes exist, FDPM provides innovative features to trace the source of IP packets and can obtain better tracing capability than others. In particular, FDPM adopts a flexible mark length strategy to make it compatible to different network environments; it also adaptively changes its marking rate according to the load of the participating router by a flexible flow-based marking scheme. Evaluations on both simulation and real system implementation demonstrate that FDPM requires a moderately small number of packets to complete the traceback process; add little additional load to routers and can trace a large number of sources in one traceback process with low false positive rates. The built-in overload prevention mechanism makes this system capable of achieving a satisfactory traceback result even when the router is heavily loaded. It has been used to not only trace DDoS attacking packets but also enhance filtering attacking traffic.

Published in:

Parallel and Distributed Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 4 )