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VLSI design and implementation of adaptive channel equalizer

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3 Author(s)
Ab-Rahman, A.A.H. ; Fac. of Electr. Eng., Univ. Teknol. Malaysia, Skudai ; Kamisian, I. ; Sha'ameri, A.Z.

Signal integrity is critical to achieve reliable data communications. In non-ideal communication channels, signal quality deteriorates if the transmission rate and distance is pushed to the limit of the channel. Furthermore, in wireless channel, the effect of multipath propagation causes the transmitted signal to be superimposed, attenuated, and delayed at the receiver, which further deteriorates the signal. The problem, which is termed Intersymbol Interference (ISI), is overcome using channel equalizers. In addition to this, channel characteristics also vary with time, which requires the equalizer to adapt to the channel. This work presents the design of adaptive equalizer as applied in wireless systems as to achieve error proof data communication. The adaptive equalizer is designed using VHDL, and synthesized to TSMC 0.25 mum process technology with a proposed circuit architecture based on the least mean square (LMS) adaptive algorithm and linear FIR filter structure. From results obtained, the VLSI adaptive equalizer can successfully equalize distorted signals with ISI. Maximum throughput of 223 Kb/s and core cell area of 0.562 mm2 is achieved, which is suitable for mobile communication applications.

Published in:

Computer and Communication Engineering, 2008. ICCCE 2008. International Conference on

Date of Conference:

13-15 May 2008