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An Over-1-Gb/s Transceiver Core for Integration Into Large System-on-Chips for Consumer Electronics

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6 Author(s)
Yoshikawa, T. ; Matsushita Electr. Ind. Co. Ltd., Moriguchi ; Hirata, T. ; Ebuchi, T. ; Iwata, T.
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This paper describes an area-effective 1.5-Gb/s transceiver core with spread spectrum clocking (SSC) capability that is suitable for integration into large system-on-chips (SoCs) for consumer electronics applications such as audio and video stream data transmission. To achieve a good balance between SSC performance and the core area, a novel SSC scheme using a multi-level (hierarchical) phase-interpolator technique has been developed. This technique achieves a very fine clock phase shift of about 0.1 ps for precise and smooth frequency modulation. The SSC scheme is based on a digital feed-forward operation and leads to a small area and good noise robustness for SoC integration. This core also has digital clock data recovery (CDR) with jitter tolerance enhancement and a simple adaptive data equalizer (AEQ). These functions are also on a digital operation and controlled by digital codes, and the core presupposes a multiphase clock for the digital SSC, CDR, and AEQ with shared phase-locked loop (PLL) topology. A test chip including two of these cores was fabricated using shared PLL. The core showed significant peak power reduction (-19 dB to the non-SSC situation) and a small core area of 0.25 mm2 in 0.13-mum CMOS process. This core achieved a remarkable ratio of peak power reduction to area of 76 dB/mm2. Moreover, it achieved good jitter tolerance (flat 0.8 UI at >1 MHz) and stable data communication over an STP (shielded twist pair) cable ranging in length from 1 m to over 22 m.

Published in:

Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:16 ,  Issue: 9 )

Date of Publication:

Sept. 2008

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