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The transition mechanism of InAs quantum dot (QD) to quantum ring (QR) was investigated. After the growth of InAs QDs, a thin layer of GaAs was overgrown on the InAs QD and the sample was annealed at the same temperature for a period of time. It was found that the central part of the InAs islands started to out diffuse and formed ring shape only after a deposition of a critical thickness (1 ~ 2 nm) of GaAs capped layer depending on the size of InAs QDs. This phenomenon was revealed by photoluminescence measurement and atomic force microscopy image. It is suggested that the strain energy provided by the GaAs overgrown layer is responsible for the InAs to diffuse out of the island to form QR.
Date of Publication: Aug.15, 2008