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Low-Forward-Voltage-Drop 4H-SiC BJTs Without Base Contact Implantation

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4 Author(s)
Hyung-Seok Lee ; Sch. of Inf. & Commun. Technol., R. Inst. of Technol., Stockholm ; Martin Domeij ; Carl-Mikael Zetterling ; Mikael Ostling

Bipolar junction transistors (BJTs) of 4H-SiC, with a low collector-emitter forward voltage drop VCE have been fabricated without base contact implantation. A comparison of BJTs on the same wafer with and without base contact implantation shows less than 10% higher VCE for the BJTs without base contact implantation. Omitting the base contact implantation eliminates high concentrations of implantation-induced defects that act as recombination centers. This is advantageous because it allows a shorter distance Wp+ between the emitter edge and the base contact, without affecting the current gain when no base contact implantation is used. The BJTs without contact implantation show a constant current gain as Wp+ was reduced from 3 to 1 mum, whereas the gain decreased by 45% for the BJTs with base contact implantation for the same reduction of Wp+. A key to the successful fabrication of low-forward-voltage-drop SiC BJTs without base contact implantation is the formation of low-resistivity Ni/Ti/Al ohmic contacts to the base. The contact resistivity on the base region (NA ap 4 times1017 cm-3) was measured with linear transmission line method structures to rhoC = 1.9 times 10-3 Omegacm2, whereas the contact resistivity with the base contact implantation was rhoC = 1.3 times 10-4 Omegacm2, both after rapid thermal processing annealing at 800degC.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 8 )