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Soil Moisture Retrieval During a Corn Growth Cycle Using L-Band (1.6 GHz) Radar Observations

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5 Author(s)
Joseph, A.T. ; Hydrol. Sci. Branch, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD ; van der Velde, R. ; O'Neill, P.E. ; Lang, R.H.
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This paper reports on the retrieval of soil moisture from dual-polarized L-band (1.6 GHz) radar observations acquired at view angles of 15deg, 35deg, and 55deg, which were collected during a field campaign covering a corn growth cycle in 2002. The applied soil moisture retrieval algorithm includes a surface roughness and vegetation correction and could potentially be implemented as an operational global soil moisture retrieval algorithm. The surface roughness parameterization is obtained through inversion of the Integral Equation Method (IEM) from dual-polarized (HH and VV) radar observations acquired under nearly bare soil conditions. The vegetation correction is based on the relationship found between the ratio of modeled bare soil scattering contribution and observed backscatter coefficient (sigmasoil/sigmaobs) and vegetation water content (W). Validation of the retrieval algorithm against ground measurements shows that the top 5-cm soil moisture can be estimated with an accuracy between 0.033 and 0.064 cm3 ldr cm-3, depending on the view angle and polarization.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 8 )