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Whitening Dual-Polarized Weather Radar Signals With a Hermitian Transformation

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2 Author(s)
Hefner, E. ; Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO ; Chandrasekar, V.

Oversampling weather radar signals in range and then whitening these signals has been shown to improve the accuracy of spectral moments. For dual-polarized radar, the polarimetric variables depend upon information gleaned from the cross correlation of the different received signals. Theoretical improvements to the polarimetric variables have been provided to date, but experimental evidence of improvements through whitening has been limited. This paper provides an analysis of the effects of whitening on the estimated cross correlation along with experimental results of whitening applied to polarimetric variables. Different whitening transformations based solely on covariance matrix inversions will be shown to affect the copolar correlation of the whitened data. A Hermitian symmetric whitening transformation will be shown to produce better estimates of polarimetric variables obtained from whitened data than the original whitening transformation defined for use with range oversampling.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 8 )