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A new idea of the optical fiber coherence tomography system designed for medical application is presented in this paper. Application as a source the femtosecond 400 mW Ti:Al2O3 pulse laser operates at wavelength 798 nm with spectral pulse bandwidth about 145 nm provides the longitudinal resolution about 2 mum. The system can be used for scanning the interior of a human body owing to application of a special optical head based on single-mode fiberscope. The structure comprises a set of two fiber-optic interferometers. The first is a Michelson type which enables the doubled pulses generation with spatial separation directly correlated with a deep scanning in the investigated sample. The second one is a partially delayed Fizeau interferometer formed on the end of optical fiber providing a high temperature and polarization system stability. The discussed setup consists also of a new signal processing structure based on synchronous detection scheme and application of the lock-in amplifier allowing investigation of the reflection coefficient of investigated sample via a suitable numerical processing of the first two harmonic amplitudes of the detected signals. The experimental results of OCT reconstruction of a tree leaf in area 150 × 1750 mum giving the possibility of recognizing various kind of tissues are also presented.