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Modifiable Walking Pattern of a Humanoid Robot by Using Allowable ZMP Variation

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5 Author(s)
Bum-Joo Lee ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Korea Adv. Inst. of Sci. & Technol. (KAIST), Daejeon ; Daniel Stonier ; Yong-Duk Kim ; Jeong-Ki Yoo
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In order to handle complex navigational commands, this paper proposes a novel algorithm that can modify a walking period and a step length in both sagittal and lateral planes. By allowing a variation of zero moment point (ZMP) over the convex hull of foot polygon, it is possible to change the center of mass (CM) position and velocity independently throughout the single support phase. This permits a range of dynamic walking motion, which is not achievable using the 3-D linear inverted pendulum mode (3D-LIPM). In addition, the proposed algorithm enables to determine the dynamic feasibility of desired motion via the construction of feasible region, which is explicitly computed from the current CM state with simple ZMP functions. Moreover, adopting the closed-form functions makes it possible to calculate the algorithm in real time. The effectiveness of the proposed algorithm is demonstrated through both computer simulation and experiment on the humanoid robot, HanSaRam-VII, developed at the Robot Intelligence Technology (RIT) laboratory, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST).

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Robotics  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 4 )