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Speech enhancement employing a sigmoid -type gain function with a modified a priori signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) estimator

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3 Author(s)
Md. Jahangir Alam ; INRS-Energie-Matériaux-Télécommunications, Université du Québec, Montréal, Canada ; Douglas O'Shaughnessy ; Sid-Ahmed Selouani

This paper presents a sigmoid type gain function with a modified a priori signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) estimation approach to single channel speech enhancement in noisy environments. Frequency domain noise reduction techniques are often defined in terms of the a priori SNR. A widely used method to determine the a priori SNR from noisy speech is the decision directed (DD) approach. In the DD approach the a priori SNR depends on the speech spectrum estimation in the previous frame which degrades the noise reduction performance. To overcome this problem a sigmoid type weighting function is proposed with a modified a priori SNR estimator. The performance of the proposed algorithm is evaluated by two objective tests under various noisy environments and it is found that the proposed sigmoidal-shaped gain function produces significant improvements in noise reduction performance compared to that of the conventional Wiener gain.

Published in:

Electrical and Computer Engineering, 2008. CCECE 2008. Canadian Conference on

Date of Conference:

4-7 May 2008