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Magnetic and Magneto-Optical Properties of MnAI Alloyed Film

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3 Author(s)
Di, G.Q. ; Nagoya University. ; Iwata, S. ; Uchiyama, S.

MnAl films, prepared with an Mn/Al multilayer structure by vacuum evaporation, were studied. In the Mn content range of 31 to 40 at%, films became ferromagnetic (¿ phase) on annealing at from 220 to 420°C. They show the same X-ray diffraction lines of the fct (Cu-Au I) structure as do bulk MnAl alloys, although the range of Mn contents resulting in the ¿ phase is quite different, at 51 to 59 at%, from that for the bulk material. In these films, the ¿ phase is intermixed with a nonmagnetic ¿ phase below 34 at% Mn, and with a ß phase above 36 at% Mn. The Ms changes with the Mn content, and shows a maximum of approximately 330 emu/cm3 at about 36 at% Mn. The coercivity Hc increases from 1 to 6 kOe with increasing Mn content. The Kerr angle ¿K increases with decreasing wavelength ¿, reaching a value of about 0.17° at 400 nm, while the reflectivity R has a value of above 40% in the visible wavelength range.

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Magnetics in Japan, IEEE Translation Journal on  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 10 )