Skip to Main Content
With the development of IEEE 802.11 MAC (medium access control) protocols, efficient utilization of wireless local area networks (WLANs) has become a very important issue. In typical IEEE 802.11 networks, the association between mobile users (MUs) and access point (AP) is based on the signal strength information. As a result, it often results in the extremely unfair bandwidth allocation among MUs. In this paper, we propose a distributed association algorithm to achieve load balancing among the APs. The proposed algorithm gradually balances the AP loads for the available multiple bit rate choices in a distributed manner. We analyze the stability and overhead of the proposed algorithm, and show the improvement of the fairness via computer simulation. Additionally, we have implemented a prototype on a testbed to prove its feasibility.