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This paper presents a simple model of MEMS thermopile based vacuum detector and experimental results obtained for sensors designed and fabricated at IHTM-IMTM. Sensors contain two thermopiles, each with 30 multilayer p+Si/Al thermocouples and p+Si or Al heater. Thermal isolating membrane has sandwich structure consisting of sputtered SiO2 and residual n-Si layer. Dependence of output thermopile voltage on pressure was measured for sensors with different membrane thickness. Tests were performed in pressure range (10-3-105) Pa. Experimental results were compared with theoretical predictions.