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Extrapolation and Correlation (EXTRACT): A New Method for Motion Compensation in MRI

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3 Author(s)

A postprocessing technique is proposed for the correction of both translational and rotational motion artifacts in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The method consists of two steps: 1) k-space extrapolation to generate a motion-free reference, followed by 2) correlation with actual data to estimate motion. In this paper, two different extrapolation methods were investigated for the purpose of motion estimation: edge enhancement and finite-support solution. It was found that finite-support solution performs better near the k-space center, while the edge enhancement method is superior in the outer k-space regions. Therefore, a combination of the two methods was employed to generate a motion-free reference, whose correlations with the acquired data can subsequently determine the object motion. Motion compensation was demonstrated in simulation and in vivo MR experiments. The technique is shown to be robust against noise and various types of motion.

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Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:28 ,  Issue: 1 )