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Squint Spotlight SAR Raw Signal Simulation in the Frequency Domain Using Optical Principles

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3 Author(s)
Yu Wang ; Grad. Univ. of Chinese Acad. of Sci., Beijing ; Zhimin Zhang ; Yunkai Deng

Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) distributed target scene raw signal simulation is an important tool for the study and test of SAR systems and processing algorithms, mission planning, and inversion algorithm design. In this paper, the squint spotlight SAR scene model is evaluated to achieve spotlight SAR raw signals in the 2-D frequency domain and the precision of the model is analyzed. It is known that the range migration phenomenon in the time domain is explained as the coupling between the range and azimuth in the 2-D frequency domain. To realize the coupling relation in the 2-D frequency, interpolation may be needed. However, interpolation is a time-consuming manipulation. For efficiency, some signal processing methods are employed to couple the range and azimuth frequencies. Those tricks are derived from some optical principles, which give us some novel thoughts. Therefore, the efficiency of the simulator is highly improved, which facilitates its application to the verification and test of the real-time processor.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 8 )