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Feature Selection for Self-Supervised Classification With Applications to Microarray and Sequence Data

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2 Author(s)
Sun-Yuan Kung ; Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ ; Man-Wai Mak

Learning strategies are traditionally divided into two categories: unsupervised learning and supervised learning. In contrast, for feature selection, there are four different categories of training scenarios: (1) unsupervised; (2) (regular) supervised; (3) self-supervised (SS); and (4) doubly supervised. Many genomic applications naturally arise in either (regular) supervised or self-supervised formulation. The distinction of these two supervised scenarios lies in whether the class labels are assigned to the samples versus the features. This paper explains how to convert an SS formulation into a symmetric doubly supervised (SDS) formulation by a pairwise approach. The SDS formulation offers more explicit information for effective feature selection than the SS formulation. To harness this information, the paper adopts a selection scheme called vector-index-adaptive SVM (VIA-SVM), which is based on the fact that the support vectors can be subdivided into different groups each offering quite distinct prediction performance. Simulation studies validate that VIA-SVM performs very well for time-course microarray data. This paper further proposes a fusion strategy to integrate the diversified information embedded in the SDS formulation. Simulation studies on protein sequence data for subcelluar localization confirm that the prediction can be significantly improved by combining VIA-SVM with relevance scores (e.g., SNR) and redundancy metrics (e.g., Euclidean distance).

Published in:

IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing  (Volume:2 ,  Issue: 3 )