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A new modeling framework combining neural-network-based models, passive microwave data, and geostatistics is proposed for snow water equivalent (SWE) retrieval and mapping. Brightness temperature data from the seven-channel special sensor microwave/imager and the interpolated minimum temperature are the inputs of a multilayer feedforward neural network (MFF). Kriging with an external drift algorithm is applied to ground-based SWE data to produce gridded SWE data that are used as the target of the neural network. An optimal division of the sample of available pixels is achieved by a self-organizing feature map. Prediction error is used for model selection and is assessed by bootstrap. It is shown that a committee of a network containing neural networks with different architectures can provide consistent SWE retrievals. This modeling framework is applied for SWE retrieval and mapping over La Grande River basin in north eastern Quebec (Canada). The results are very promising for operational purposes particularly for SWE mapping during periods with no ground measurements and operational streamflow forecasting.