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We report a study of partial demagnetization of axially pressed sintered Nd-Fe-B magnets by inclined pulse demagnetization measurements, including a recoil behavior of the Nd-Fe-B material. From these measurements, we develop a simple empirical model for demagnetization of Nd-Fe-B magnets caused by an inclined field. We calculate demagnetization of a simple surface-magnet machine and a two-pole high-speed machine by using an exponent function-based model, taking also the inclined demagnetizing field into account. We show that it is not enough to consider only antiparallel demagnetizing field components in accurate demagnetization calculations.
Date of Publication: July 2008