By Topic

A Load-Shared CMOS Power Amplifier With Efficiency Boosting at Low Power Mode for Polar Transmitters

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

7 Author(s)
Dong Ho Lee ; Georgia Electron. Design Center, Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA ; Changkun Park ; Jeonghu Han ; Younsuk Kim
more authors

A load-shared CMOS power amplifier (PA) for 1.8-GHz polar transmitter applications has been implemented in standard 0.18-mum CMOS technology and fully characterized to demonstrate its efficiency boosting technique in low power mode. With the aid of cascode amplifiers, the load-shared configuration achieves efficiency improvement at low supply voltage in a polar transmitter. A differential class-E amplifier with a parallel resonant circuit is analyzed and incorporated in the load-shared PA. The load-shared configuration is composed of driver amplifiers (DAs) and PAs whose output loads are shared. The DA has a constant gate voltage biasing of a cascode amplifier for efficiency boosting, whereas the PA has a self-biased cascode configuration to be turned on and off by a supply voltage. The measurement results of the load-shared configuration show a drain efficiency increase from 6% to 30% at 16-dBm output power compared with a conventional self-biased cascode amplifier. The load-shared PA is reported with 35.6% of power-added efficiency and 32.2 dBm of output power at 1.88 GHz.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 7 )