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In this paper, we investigate the application of nonbinary low-density parity-check (LDPC) cycle codes over Galois field GF(q) to multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channels. Two types of LDPC coded systems that employ either joint or separate MIMO detection and channel decoding are considered, depending on the size of the Galois field and the modulation choice. We construct a special class of nonbinary LDPC cycle codes called the parallel sparse encodable (PSE) codes. The PSE code, consisting of a quasi-cyclic (QC) LDPC cycle code and a simple tree code, has the attractive feature that it is not only linearly encodable, but also allows parallel encoding which can reduce the encoding time significantly. We provide a systematic comparison between nonbinary coded systems and binary coded systems in both performance and complexity. Our results show that the proposed nonbinary system employing the PSE code outperforms not only the binary LDPC code specified in the 802.16e standard, but also the optimized binary LDPC code obtained using the EXIT chart methods. Through a detailed complexity analysis, we conclude that for the MIMO channel considered, the nonbinary coded systems achieve a superior performance at a receiver complexity that is comparable to that of the binary systems.
Date of Publication: June 2008