Skip to Main Content
This paper investigates the feasibility of designing a RF TX architecture based on a Power VCO, operating at 1.95 GHz for UMTS/WCDMA standard. The Power VCO uses 2.5 V supply voltage and is designed using 65 nm CMOS technology from ST Microelectronics. The Power VCO is made up of an oscillating Power Amplifier (PA). In order to fulfil UMTS/W-CDMA requirements, especially on output power with regards to efficiency to save battery life, the used PA is a two-stage Class E PA. The output 1 dB compression point (CP1) is 22 dBm and Power Added Efficiency (PAE) @CP1 is 55.1%. This PA is then included in a loop to realize oscillation condition. The Power VCO oscillates @ 1.95 GHz, achieves an output power of 23.3 dBm with 60.3% PAE.