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Control and Power Management of Converter Fed Microgrids

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2 Author(s)
Sao, C.K. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of Toronto, Toronto, ON ; Lehn, P.W.

This paper presents a voltage-power droop/frequency-reactive power boost (VPD/FQB) control scheme that allows multiple voltage source converters (VSCs) to operate in parallel in a VSC fed microgrid. Each current controlled VSC in such a microgrid has its own VPD/FQB controller that sets its current references to regulate the voltage and frequency of a common microgrid bus. By drooping the voltage reference of each controller against its real power output, multiple VPD/FQB controllers jointly regulate the microgrid voltage while sharing a common load power in proportion to a predetermined ratio. Similarly, by boosting the frequency reference of each controller against its reactive power output, multiple VPD/FQB controllers jointly regulate the microgrid frequency while sharing the reactive load in proportion to a predetermined ratio. The proposed control scheme can also operate in grid connected mode. Experimental results are provided to validate the VPD/FQB control scheme.

Published in:

Power Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:23 ,  Issue: 3 )

Date of Publication:

Aug. 2008

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