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Nanoscale multiple-valued logic systems require the development of nanometer scale integrated circuits and components. Due to limits in device physics, new components must be developed to operate at the nanoscale level. As part of this effort, the authors have constructed nanoscale electrochemical cell arrays that can function as multiple-valued logic storage cells. In addition, the authors are currently developing a nanoscale crossbar system that will use these cells to implement multiple-valued logic memory units. This paper describes the development of these cells and their applications.