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This paper describes the modeling of jitter in clock-and-data recovery (CDR) systems using an event-driven model that accurately includes the effects of power-supply noise, the finite bandwidth (aperture window) in the phase detector's front-end sampler, and intersymbol interference in the system's channel. These continuous-time jitter sources are captured in the model through their discrete-time influence on sample based phase detectors. Modeling parameters for these disturbances are directly extracted from the circuit implementation. The event-driven model, implemented in Simulink, has a simulation accuracy within 12% of an Hspice simulation-but with a simulation speed that is 1800 times higher.
Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:55 , Issue: 5 )
Date of Publication: June 2008