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A Robust State Space Model for the Characterization of Extended Returns in Radar Target Signatures

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2 Author(s)
Naishadham, K. ; Charles Stark Draper Lab., Cambridge, MA ; Piou, J.E.

Analysis of radar scattering from targets with curved boundaries, such as objects comprising cylindrical and conical shapes, is important to many aerospace applications. The radar return is composed of a well-characterized physical optics response in the illuminated region where the transmitter and receiver are not shadowed by the object, and a combination of modal responses (e.g., creeping waves and edge-diffracted fields) in the shadow region. The modal responses have longer down-range than scattering centers located on the object, and therefore, produce extended (or off-body) returns in ISAR images, which are not well-understood. However, these returns are strongly dependent on local features of the object, and thus contain valuable information with regard to the target's geometrical and physical composition. Multiple reflections from illuminated facets, as well as multiply diffracted waves, can also add coherently in the direction of the receiver and produce such returns. This paper applies a robust, coherent-processing system identification technique, originally developed for radar sensor fusion, to estimate amplitude and phase of the scatterers that characterize extended returns in the target signature. Examples are presented that highlight the extraction of creeping waves using measured data on a cone-sphere.

Published in:

Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 6 )

Date of Publication:

June 2008

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