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A neurofuzzy controller (NFC) with adaptive input link weights (ILWs) and working as an adaptive power system stabilizer is presented. The control structure of the proposed adaptive neurofuzzy power system stabilizers (ANFPSSs) consists of a neuroidentifier to track the dynamic behavior of the plant and an NFC to damp the low-frequency power system oscillations. Usually, the input membership functions (IMFs) and consequent parameters (CPs) are adapted in order to enhance the performance of the NFC. However, the adjustment of IMFs can be realized indirectly by the tuning of ILWs introduced here, which is simpler due to the small number of parameters involved. Therefore, in this paper, ILWs and CPs are updated online by the gradient descent method. Simulation studies over a range of operating conditions and disturbances in a single machine-infinite bus system and a multimachine power system demonstrate the improvement in the dynamic performance of the system with the proposed ANFPSS.