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Sensor fusion and estimation strategies for data traffic reduction in rooted wireless sensor networks

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5 Author(s)
Agnoli, A. ; Dept. of Inf. Eng., Univ. of Padova, Padova ; Chiuso, A. ; D'Errico, P. ; Pegoraro, A.
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One of the main issues with wireless sensor networks (WSNs) is communication efficiency to reduce power consumption. This is often achieved through data routing with aggregation. However, aggregation does not consider possible measurements correlation. This a priori information can be used for data fusion, in order to remove correlation of transmitted data, thus reducing amount of information to be transmitted. In this paper we explore different information processing strategy for state estimation of dynamic linear systems in the context of rooted wireless sensor networks. We propose three data fusion methods: standard measurement aggregation, measurement fusion, and fusion of partial state estimates. These strategies are specifically designed to include possible delayed or dropped packets. Finally, they are compared in term of power consumption efficiency, estimation accuracy, computational and memory complexity, showing tradeoffs between these metrics.

Published in:

Communications, Control and Signal Processing, 2008. ISCCSP 2008. 3rd International Symposium on

Date of Conference:

12-14 March 2008