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High-performance microprocessors, e.g., multithreaded and multicore processors, are being implemented in embedded real-time systems because of the increasing computational requirements. These complex microprocessors have two major drawbacks when they are used for real-time purposes. First, their complexity difficults the calculation of the WCET (worst case execution time). Second, power consumption requirements are much larger, which is a major concern in these systems. In this paper we propose a novel soft power-aware real-time scheduler for a state-of-the-art multicore multithreaded processor, which implements dynamic voltage scaling techniques. The proposed scheduler reduces the energy consumption while satisfying the constraints of soft real-time applications. Different scheduling alternatives have been evaluated, and experimental results show that using a fair scheduling policy, the proposed algorithm provides, on average, energy savings ranging from 34% to 74%.
Date of Conference: 14-18 April 2008