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We have examined the optical and photoluminescence (PL) properties of Er3+-doped GeGaS glasses of near-stoichiometric composition Ge28Ga6.2S65.3:Er0.5. We have also used powdered samples of various mean sizes (L) to examine the dependence of the 1.54 -mum PL emission spectrum and the PL decay time on the average sample size. Optical absorption spectra of Er3+ ions arising from transitions between different energy manifolds, such as 4 I15 /2 -4 I13/2,4 I15 /2 -4 I11 /2 , etc., have been used to extract Omega2, Omega4, and Omega6 values using the Judd-Ofelt analysis and a Judd-Ofelt radiative lifetime TJO = 2.6 ms for the 4 I13 / 2 -4 I15 / 2 transition. The PL emission spectra and the decay time have been found to depend on the mean sample size. The spectra are broader and the decay times are longer for larger sample sizes, due to photon trapping occurring in the sample. The extrapolated decay time to zero particle size yields a decay time that matches the Judd-Ofelt radiative lifetime almost perfectly, and confirms the argument that the true PL lifetime needs to be measured in fine powders to avoid reabsorption effects. We have estimated the maximum emission cross section as 15.5 X 10-21 cm2.