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Most existing data models and transmission policies for sensor network assume uniform periodic data generation and unconstrained transmission range for sensor nodes, both assumptions being too restrictive to capture and analyze real- world operation for practical deployment. In this paper, we consider these two practical aspects and present a new transmission policy formulated after (i) stochastic data model where a set of events occur with certain probabilities and rate of data generation by a sensor varies based on sensed event and (ii) limited transmission range of sensors. Assuming co-centric rings around the base station, located at a generic location (internal or external to the network area), ring thickness and hope sizes over lifetime is determined by formatting an optimization problem where nodes in each ring may transmit data at different hop sizes at a given instant and also vary hop sizes over lifetime. Performance analysis shows significant improvement in network lifetime and better uniformity in energy usage distribution in the proposed policy irrespective of network size and maximum allowable transmission range of nodes.
Date of Conference: 19-23 May 2008