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A Linear Fractional Semidefinite Relaxed ML Approach to Blind Detection of 16-QAM Orthogonal Space-Time Block Codes

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4 Author(s)
Chien-Wei Hsin ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Tsing Hua Univ., Hsinchu ; Tsung-Hui Chang ; Wing-Kin Ma ; Chong-Yung Chi

The blind maximum-likelihood (ML) detection of orthogonal space-time block codes (OSTBCs) is a computationally challenging optimization problem. Fortunately, for BPSK and QPSK OSTBCs, it has been shown that the blind ML detection problem can be efficiently and accurately approximated by a semideflnite relaxation (SDR) approach [1]. This paper considers the situation where the 16-QAM signals are employed. Due to the nonconstant modulus nature of 16-QAM signals, the associated blind ML OSTBC detection problem has its objective function exhibiting a Rayleigh quotient structure, which makes the SDR approach not directly applicable. In the paper, a linear fractional SDR (LF-SDR) approach is proposed for efficient approximation of the optimum blind ML solution. In this approach, the blind ML 16-QAM OSTBC detection problem is first approximated by a quasi-convex relaxation problem. Generally quasi-convex problems may be computationally more complex to handle than convex problems, but we show that the optimum solution of our quasi-convex problem can be efficiently obtained by solving a convex problem, namely a semideflnite program. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed LF-SDR based blind ML detector outperforms the norm relaxed blind ML detector and the blind subspace channel estimator [2], especially in the one- receive-antenna scenario.

Published in:

Communications, 2008. ICC '08. IEEE International Conference on

Date of Conference:

19-23 May 2008