By Topic

Terahertz (THz) Electromagnetic Field Enhancement in Periodic Subwavelength Structures

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

5 Author(s)
Boris Gelmont ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA ; Ramakrishnan Parthasarathy ; Tatiana Globus ; Alexei Bykhovski
more authors

In this paper, we show that periodic arrays of rectangular slots with subwavelength width provide for local electromagnetic field enhancements due to edge effects in low-frequency range, 10-25 cm-1. Periodic structures of Au, doped Si, and InSb with subwavelength thickness were studied. The half power enhancement width is ~500 nm and less around the slot edges in all cases, thereby possibly bringing terahertz (THz) sensing to the nanoscale. InSb is confirmed to offer the best results with the local power enhancements on the order of 1100 at frequency 14 cm-1. InSb and Si have large skin depths in the frequency range of interest and so the analysis of their structures was done through the Fourier expansion method of field diffracted from gratings. Au, however, has small skin depths at these frequencies compared with the thickness. Surface impedance boundary conditions were employed to model the Au structure, for which the Fourier expansion method was unsuitable owing to the huge magnitude of Au permittivity at these frequencies. The applications possibly include development of novel biosensors, with the strongly enhanced local electromagnetic fields leading to increased detection sensitivity, and monitoring biophysical processes such as DNA denaturation.

Published in:

IEEE Sensors Journal  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 6 )