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This paper investigates the characterization of inclusions in concrete structures, including the number of inclusions, their geometries, and electromagnetic properties. To solve this problem, a two phase algorithm that combines matched-filter-based reverse-time (MFBRT) migration algorithm with the particle swarm optimization (PSO) is employed. The first phase runs the MFBRT that can, robustly, define the number of inclusions and their centers; however, it cannot define the inclusion geometry and electromagnetic properties. Given the results obtained in the first phase, the PSO is launched in the second phase, in a parametric approach, to define the radii of the inclusions and their properties. Three types of inclusions were considered, water, air, and conductor. Results considering a nonhomogenous host medium having from one to three inclusions are presented showing the effectiveness of the proposed approach.