Skip to Main Content
This paper presents an accuracy enhancement solution to mobiles location tracking systems in indoor wireless local area network (WLAN) environments. The enhancement method consists of the particle filter application to an artificial neural network (ANN) based fingerprinting technique combined with a low-cost sensor (compass). The application of the particle filter has the advantage of using information about the mobile's motion to reduce location errors (caused by the WLAN received signal strength-RSS variations) and to avoid mobile's trajectory discontinuities (caused by the static estimation of the fingerprinting technique). A digital compass has been added to the fingerprinting system to observe the mobile's heading and then improve the trajectory orientation. To apply the filtering process, two models have been proposed: non-linear and linearized filtering models. The first model is obtained from the characterization of the pedestrian's motion with the heading observation. The second model is obtained after the replacement of the heading variable, in the first model, by the pedestrian's velocities along the x and y axes. Experimental results, conducted in a specific in-building environment, showed that the application of the particle filter to the ANN-based fingerprinting system mounted with a compass improves the location accuracy, in terms of mean error, of about 39% and 50% for the cases of non-linear and linearized filtering models, respectively.
Date of Conference: 11-14 May 2008