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Epitaxial 0.67Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.33PbTiO3 (PMN-PT) thin films with electro-optic effects were fabricated on (La0.5Sr0.5)CoO3(LSCO)/CeO2/YSZ-buffered Si(001) substrates using double-pulse excitation pulsed laser deposition (PLD) method with a mask placed between the target and the substrate. Epitaxial growth of PMN-PT thin films was undertaken using the two-step growth method of PMN-PT film. The PMN-PT seed layer was deposited at 500degC on the LSCO/CeO2/YSZ/Si, which temperature was the same as that used for LSCO deposition. The PMN-PT thin films were deposited on the PMN-PT seed layer at 600degC, which enables growth of high-crystallinity PMN-PT films with smooth surfaces. We obtained optimum fabrication conditions of PMN-PT film with micrometer-order thickness. Resultant films showed high crystallinity with full width at half maximum (FWHM)=0.73 deg and 1.6 mum thickness. Electro-optic properties and the refractive index value were measured at 633 nm wavelength using the prism coupling method. The obtained refractive index was 2.59. The electro-optic coefficients r13 and r33 were determined by applying the electrical field between a semitransparent, thin top electrode of Pt and a bottom LSCO electrode. The electro-optic coefficient was r13=17 pm/V at transverse electric field (TE) mode and r33=55 pm/V at transverse magnetic field (TM) mode.
Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:55 , Issue: 5 )
Date of Publication: May 2008