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This paper proposes a new sensorless vector control method for salient-pole permanent-magnet synchronous motors. With regard to phase estimation, the sensorless vector control method is featured by a new high-frequency voltage injection method (i.e., carrier modulation method), which is distinguished from the conventional ones by a unique ellipse shape of spatially rotating high-frequency voltage, and by a new phase-locked-loop method as a demodulation method whose input is a high-frequency current component multiplied signal. The new vector control method established by two innovative technologies for modulation/demodulation can have the following high-performance and attractive characteristics. 1) It can allow 250% rated torque at standstill. 2) It can operate from zero to the rated speed under the rated motoring or regenerating load. 3) It accepts instant injection of the rated load even for zero-speed control. 4) Phase estimation is robust against inverter dead time, and proper phase estimate can be obtained even under circumstances where stator current crosses the zero at high frequency. 5) Computational load for estimating rotor phase is very small. Usefulness of the proposed new vector control method is verified through extensive experiments.