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Mechanical Properties of Ni _{3} Sn _{4} and Cu _{3} Sn Determined by Inverse Method

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3 Author(s)
Li-Jung Tai ; Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI ; Iting Tsai ; Wu, E.

Intermetallic compound (IMC) formation is crucial to electronic packaging reliability because of its brittleness. Mechanical properties including Young's modulus and thermal expansion coefficient (CTE) of two kinds of IMC, Cu3Sn and Ni3Sn4, were determined and discussed in this paper. In order to test in the real solder joint condition, a multilayer structure of IMC/deposited metal film/silicon substrate was used. In addition to metal films, metal foils were also used to be another growing base for IMC to form a composite structure as IMC/foil. Through measuring the deformation and slope change of these multilayer structures at different temperatures by moire technique, the Young's modulus and CTE of the IMC layer can be determined simultaneously using a numerically constructed convolutional relationship and an inverse method. Although IMC on both kinds of bases (metal films and foils) experience similar growing condition, results show that their mechanical properties are quite different. Both Young's moduli and CTE of Ni3Sn4 and Cu3Sn on deposited metal films are larger than those on metal foils, and their SEM images also show different microstructures.

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Components and Packaging Technologies, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 2 )