Skip to Main Content
We review the recent progress in the development of photonic applications based on the organic crystal 4-N, N-dimethylamino-4'-N'-methyl-stilbazolium tosylate (DAST). DAST is an organic salt with an extremely high nonlinear optical susceptibility chi(2)(-2omega,omega,omega)=580plusmn30 pm/V at 1.54 mum, a high electrooptic figure of merit n 3 r = 455plusmn80 pm/V at 1.54 mum, as well as a low dielectric constant epsiv = 5.2 . DAST is, therefore, very attractive for high-speed optical modulators and field detectors, as well as for frequency conversion and the generation of terahertz waves. Several techniques to microscopically structure this material have been developed recently; including modified photolithography, photobleaching, femtosecond laser ablation, graphoepitaxial growth, ion implantation, and direct electron-beam structuring, which open new perspectives of using this exceptional material for high-speed very-large-scale integrated photonics.