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Effects of finite ground plane on the radiation characteristics of a circular patch antenna

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1 Author(s)
Bhattacharyya, A.K. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Saskatchewan Univ., Saskatoon, Sask., Canada

An analytical technique to determine the effects of finite ground plane on the radiation characteristics of a microstrip antenna is presented. The induced currents on the ground plane and on the upper surface of the patch are determined from the discontinuity of the near field produced by the equivalent magnetic current source on the physical aperture of the patch. The radiated fields contributed by the induced current on the ground plane and the equivalent sources on the physical aperture yield the radiation pattern of the antenna. Radiation patterns of the circular patch with finite ground plane size are computed and compared with the experimental data, and the agreement is found to be good. The radiation pattern, directive gain and input impedance are found to vary widely with the ground plane size

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:38 ,  Issue: 2 )