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An integrated regional model is proposed for rain-rate retrievals over land/ocean from the brightness temperature (Tb) values of the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Microwave Imager (TMI). The polarization-corrected temperature calculated from the 85.5-GHz channels is also considered as one of the inputs along with the nine channel Tb values. This model is applicable over the region between and . For this purpose, an artificial neural network is utilized. The collocated precipitation radar (PR) near-surface rain rates as given by a 2A25 data product is considered as a target value. The methodology consists of the separation of land and ocean pixels, the separation of stratiform and convective pixels over land/ocean, and the selection of important features (inputs) for the multilayer perceptron network by the feature selection technique for each group. For the separation of land/ocean pixels, the Tb values of the 10.65-GHz vertical channel are utilized. The values are utilized to separate the stratiform and convective pixels both over land and ocean. The rain retrieval from the developed model is validated with TRMM PR. Overall result shows the better agreement of the model-retrieved rain rate with the PR observation compared to the TMI (2A12) rain rate particularly over land. The rain retrieved from the developed model is further validated with Doppler weather radar. A reasonably good agreement is observed between these two estimations.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:46 , Issue: 6 )
Date of Publication: June 2008