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Analysis of a Novel Forced-Commutation Starting Scheme for a Load-Commutated Synchronous Motor Drive

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2 Author(s)
Steigerwald, Robert L. ; Corporate Research and Development Center, General Electric Company, Schenectady, NY 12301. ; Lipo, T.A.

A load-commutated inverter synchronous motor drive system employing a simple auxiliary commutation circuit for machine startup analyzed, and results hybrid computer simulation are presented. The commutation circuit employs a single commutation capacitor connected to the neutral of the machine and two auxiliary thyristors, which are used only during machine starting. A practical operating scheme is developed for the forced commutated inverter, which insures commutation over all load currents by actively allowing the commutation capacitor to charge to a voltage proportional to load, current. Results of key computer runs are given including inverter waveforms, transient waveforms during transition from forced to load commutation, as well as the effect of forced commutation and load commutation on pulsating torque. The forced-commutation circuit is used only for synchronous machine startup. However, due to its simplicity it also is an attractive alternative to be considered for other types of current-fed inverter ac drives.

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Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:IA-15 ,  Issue: 1 )