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A video-based image processing system for the automatic implementation of the eye involuntary reflexes measurements involved in the Drug Recognition Expert (DRE)

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2 Author(s)
Francois Meunier ; LAMIA : LAboratoire de Mathématique et Informatique Appliquées, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Canada ; David Laperriere

In order to detect drivers under the influence of substances such as alcohol or drugs, police officers use a standardized set of tests such as the Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus (HGN) test, the eye convergence test and the pupil's reaction to light test. These tests are part of the more complete Drug Recognition Expert (DRE) procedures and are essentially applied to the eyes of a driver. These procedures are performed manually by law enforcement officers. The present work describes a video-based image processing system implementing the HGN test, the convergence test and the pupil's dark room examinations test. This system generates visual stimuli and captures video sequences of the eyes following and reacting to these visual stimuli. The video sequences are processed and analyzed using feature extraction techniques. In the present study, the video-based image processing system is used to detect alcohol related intoxication. This system was tested in an experiment involving 32 subjects dosed to a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) in the interval of 0.04% to 0.22%. In order to demonstrate the effects of alcohol on eye signs comparisons are made between pre-dose and post-dose BAC.

Published in:

2008 IEEE/ACS International Conference on Computer Systems and Applications

Date of Conference:

March 31 2008-April 4 2008